Pleural Mesothelioma is an uncommon type of cancer but is not uncommon in people exposed to asbestos. These men and women have a risk of more than 1,000 times higher to develop mesothelial than anyone not exposed. The risk doubles when the person exposed to asbestos is a smoker because tobacco stimulates macrophages that have an important role in the development of mesothelioma.
Exposure to asbestos can be direct or indirect. Direct exposure occurs when an individual comes in contact with asbestos fibers, for example:
- People who work in asbestos mines
- Construction workers
- Boat builders
- Scrap dealers and mechanics who deal with brakes and clutches on vehicles
Indirect exposure occurs when people:
- Come in contact indirectly with asbestos (for example, they live or spend time in buildings that have asbestos-used elements: pipes, roofs, etc.)
- Are in contact with people exposed directly to asbestos, for example, family members or friends of those directly exposed to asbestos (and, therefore, where asbestos fibers are found on clothes or in hair).
Do not stay exposed to asbestos for an extended period of time. However, a brief exposure can also cause mesothelioma. It is best to be aware of certain symptoms pertaining to other types of mesothelioma.
Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma
The signs and symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma may be:
- Constant stomach pains (from mild to severe)
- Stomach swelling
- Nodules in the abdomen
- Bowel obstruction or constipation
- Sudden and inexplicable weight loss
Symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma
Some symptoms may include:
- Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Chest pain
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Night sweating
Symptoms of testicular mesothelioma
The main symptom of testicular mesothelioma is the formation of nodules on the testes. In some cases, there is some testicular pain.
There is no treatment that can completely cure mesothelioma. Patients are treated to help relieve their symptoms and increase their life expectancy. The doctor considers the age of the patient and their state of health. He or she will also determine the location of the cancer, as well.
The most common treatment is surgery, followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy. A combination of these treatments can be used depending on the specific case. People suffering from this disease must stop smoking because smoking can make the situation worse.